Surah 40 - Ghafir FORGIVER
040.001 Ha Mim
040.002 The revelation of this Book is from God, Exalted in Power, Full of
040.003 Who forgiveth sin, accepteth repentance, is strict in punishment, and
long reach (in all things). there is no god but He: to Him is the Final Goal.
040.004 None can dispute about the Signs of God but the Unbelievers. Let not,
their strutting about through the land deceive thee!
040.005 But (there were people) before them, who denied (the Signs),- the People of
Noah, and the Confederates (of Evil) after them; and every People plotted against
their prophet, to seize him, and disputed by means of vanities, therewith to condemn
the Truth; but it was I that seized them! and how (terrible) was My Requital!
040.006 Thus was the Decree of thy Lord proved true against the Unbelievers; that
truly they are Companions of the Fire!
040.007 Those who sustain the Throne (of God) and those around it Sing Glory and
Praise to their Lord; believe in Him; and implore Forgiveness for those who believe:
"Our Lord! Thy Reach is over all things, in Mercy and Knowledge. Forgive,
then, those who turn in Repentance, and follow Thy Path; and preserve them from the
Penalty of the Blazing Fire!
040.008 "And grant, our Lord! that they enter the Gardens of Eternity, which Thou
hast promised to them, and to the righteous among their fathers, their wives, and their
posterity! For Thou art (He), the Exalted in Might, Full of Wisdom.
040.009 "And preserve them from (all) ills; and any whom Thou dost preserve from
ills that Day,- on them wilt Thou have bestowed Mercy indeed: and that will be
truly (for them) the highest Achievement".
040.010 The Unbelievers will be addressed: "Greater was the aversion of God to
than (is) your aversion to yourselves, seeing that ye were called to the Faith
used to refuse."
040.011 They will say: "Our Lord! Twice hast Thou made us without life, and twice
hast Thou given us Life! Now have we recognised our sins: Is there any way out
040.012 (The answer will be:) "This is because, when God was invoked as the Only
(object of worship), ye did reject Faith, but when partners were joined to Him,
believed! The Command is with God, Most High, Most Great!"
040.013 He it is Who showeth you His Signs, and sendeth down Sustenance for you
from the sky: but only those receive admonition who turn (to God).
040.014 Call ye, then, upon God with sincere devotion to Him, even though the
Unbelievers may detest it.
040.015 Raised high above ranks (or degrees), (He is) the Lord of the Throne (of
Authority): By His Command doth He send the Spirit (of inspiration) to any of
servants he pleases, that it may warn (men) of the Day of Mutual Meeting,-
040.016 The Day whereon they will (all) come forth: not a single thing concerning
them is hidden from God. Whose will be the Dominion that Day?" That of
God, the One, the Irresistible!
040.017 That Day will every soul be requited for what it earned; no injustice
there be that Day, for God is Swift in taking account.
040.018 Warn them of the Day that is (ever) drawing near, when the Hearts will
(come) right up to the Throats to choke (them); No intimate friend nor intercessor will
the wrong-doers have, who could be listened to.
040.019 (God) knows of (the tricks) that deceive with the eyes, and all that the hearts
(of men) conceal.
040.020 And God will judge with (Justice and) Truth: but those whom (men) invoke
besides Him, will not (be in a position) to judge at all. Verily it is God (alone) Who
hears and sees (all things).
040.021 Do they not travel through the earth and see what was the End of those
before them? They were even superior to them in strength, and in the traces (they
have left) in the land: but God did call them to account for their sins, and none had
they to defend them against God.
040.022 That was because there came to them their messengers with Clear (Signs),
they rejected them: So God called them to account: for He is Full of Strength,
040.023 Of old We sent Moses, with Our Signs and an Authority manifest,
040.024 To Pharaoh, Haman, and Qarun; but they called (him)" a sorcerer telling
040.025 Now, when he came to them in Truth, from Us, they said, "Slay the sons
those who believe with him, and keep alive their females," but the plots of
Unbelievers (end) in nothing but errors (and delusions)!...
040.026 Said Pharaoh: "Leave me to slay Moses; and let him call on his Lord! What
I fear is lest he should change your religion, or lest he should cause Mischief
in the land!"
040.027 Moses said: "I have indeed called upon my Lord and your Lord (for
protection) from every arrogant one who believes not in the Day of Account!"
040.028 A believer, a man from among the people of Pharaoh, who had concealed
his faith, said: "Will ye slay a man because he says, 'My Lord is God'?- when he has
indeed come to you with Clear (Signs) from your Lord? and if he be a liar, on him is
(the sin of) his lie: but, if he is telling the Truth, then will fall on you something of the
(calamity) of which he warns you: Truly God guides not one who transgresses and
040.029 "O my People! Yours is the dominion this day: Ye have the upper hand in
the land: but who will help us from the Punishment of God, should it befall us?"
Pharaoh said: "I but point out to you that which I see (myself); Nor do I guide
to the Path of Right!"
040.030 Then said the man who believed: "O my people! Truly I do fear for you
something like the Day (of disaster) of the Confederates (in sin)!-
040.031 "Something like the fate of the People of Noah, the 'Ad, and the Thamud,
and those who came after them: but God never wishes injustice to his Servants.
040.032 "And O my people! I fear for you a Day when there will be Mutual calling
040.033 "A Day when ye shall turn your backs and flee: No defender shall ye have
from God: Any whom God leaves to stray, there is none to guide...
040.034 "And to you there came Joseph in times gone by, with Clear Signs, but
ceased not to doubt of the (Mission) for which he had come: At length, when he
ye said: 'No messenger will God send after him.' thus doth God leave to stray such as
transgress and live in doubt,-
040.035 "(Such) as dispute about the Signs of God, without any authority that
reached them, grievous and odious (is such conduct) in the sight of God and of
Believers. Thus doth God, seal up every heart - of arrogant and obstinate
040.036 Pharaoh said: "O Haman! Build me a lofty palace, that I may attain the
040.037 "The ways and means of (reaching) the heavens, and that I may mount up
the God of Moses: But as far as I am concerned, I think (Moses) is a liar!" Thus was
made alluring, in Pharaoh's eyes, the evil of his deeds, and he was hindered from the
Path; and the plot of Pharaoh led to nothing but perdition (for him).
040.038 The man who believed said further: "O my people! Follow me: I will lead
you to the Path of Right.
040.039 "O my people! This life of the present is nothing but (temporary)
convenience: It is the Hereafter that is the Home that will last.
040.040 "He that works evil will not be requited but by the like thereof: and
works a righteous deed - whether man or woman - and is a Believer- such will enter
the Garden (of Bliss): Therein will they have abundance without measure.
040.041 "And O my people! How (strange) it is for me to call you to Salvation
ye call me to the Fire!
040.042 "Ye do call upon me to blaspheme against God, and to join with Him
partners of whom I have no knowledge; and I call you to the Exalted in Power, Who
forgives again and again!"
040.043 "Without doubt ye do call me to one who is not fit to be called to, whether in
this world, or in the Hereafter; our return will be to God; and the Transgressors will
be Companions of the Fire!
040.044 "Soon will ye remember what I say to you (now), My (own) affair I commit
to God: for God (ever) watches over His Servants."
040.045 Then God saved him from (every) ill that they plotted (against him), but the
burnt of the Penalty encompassed on all sides the People of Pharaoh.
040.046 In front of the Fire will they be brought, morning and evening: And (the
sentence will be) on the Day that Judgment will be established: "Cast ye the People of
Pharaoh into the severest Penalty!"
040.047 Behold, they will dispute with each other in the Fire! The weak ones (who
followed) will say to those who had been arrogant, "We but followed you: Can ye
then take (on yourselves) from us some share of the Fire?
040.048 Those who had been arrogant will say: "We are all in this (Fire)! Truly, God
has judged between (his) Servants!"
040.049 Those in the Fire will say to the Keepers of Hell: "Pray to your Lord
lighten us the Penalty for a day (at least)!"
040.050 They will say: "Did there not come to you your messengers with Clear Signs?"
They will say, "Yes". They will reply, "Then pray (as ye like)! But the prayer
without Faith is nothing but (futile wandering) in (mazes of) error!"
040.051 We will, without doubt, help our messengers and those who believe, (both) in
this world's life and on the Day when the Witnesses will stand forth,-
040.052 The Day when no profit will it be to Wrong-doers to present their excuses,
but they will (only) have the Curse and the Home of Misery.
040.053 We did aforetime give Moses the (Book of) Guidance, and We gave the
book in inheritance to the Children of Israel,-
040.054 A Guide and a Message to men of Understanding.
040.055 Patiently, then, persevere: for the Promise of God is true: and ask
forgiveness for thy fault, and celebrate the Praises of thy Lord in the evening
040.056 Those who dispute about the signs of God without any authority bestowed
on them,- there is nothing in their breasts but (the quest of) greatness, which
shall never attain to: seek refuge, then, in God: It is He Who hears and sees (all
040.057 Assuredly the creation of the heavens and the earth is a greater (matter) than
the creation of men: Yet most men understand not.
040.058 Not equal are the blind and those who (clearly) see: Nor are (equal) those
who believe and work deeds of righteousness, and those who do evil. Little do ye
learn by admonition!
040.059 The Hour will certainly come: Therein is no doubt: Yet most men believe
040.060 And your Lord says: "Call on Me; I will answer your (Prayer): but those
who are too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in Hell - in humiliation!"
040.061 It is God Who has made the Night for you, that ye may rest therein, and the
days as that which helps (you) to see. Verily God is full of Grace and Bounty to men:
yet most men give no thanks.
040.062 Such is God, your Lord, the Creator of all things, there is no god but
Then how ye are deluded away from the Truth!
040.063 Thus are deluded those who are wont to reject the Signs of God.
040.064 It is God Who has made for you the earth as a resting place, and the sky as a
canopy, and has given you shape- and made your shapes beautiful,- and has provided
for you Sustenance, of things pure and good;- such is God your Lord. So Glory to
God, the Lord of the Worlds!
040.065 He is the Living (One): There is no god but He: Call upon Him, giving
sincere devotion. Praise be to God, Lord of the Worlds!
040.066 Say: "I have been forbidden to invoke those whom ye invoke besides God,-
seeing that the Clear Sings have come to me from my Lord; and I have been
commanded to bow (in Islam) to the Lord of the Worlds."
040.067 It is He Who has created you from dust then from a sperm-drop, then from a
leech-like clot; then does he get you out (into the light) as a child: then lets you (grow and) reach your age of full strength; then lets you become old,- though of you
are some who die before;- and lets you reach a Term appointed; in order that ye
040.068 It is He Who gives Life and Death; and when He decides upon an affair,
says to it, "Be", and it is.
040.069 Seest thou not those that dispute concerning the Sings of God? How are
turned away (from Reality)?-
040.070 Those who reject the Book and the (revelations) with which We sent our
messengers: but soon shall they know,-
040.071 When the yokes (shall be) round their necks, and the chains; they shall be
040.072 In the boiling fetid fluid: then in the Fire shall they be burned;
040.073 Then shall it be said to them: "Where are the (deities) to which ye gave part-
040.074 "In derogation of God?" They will reply: "They have left us in the lurch:
Nay, we invoked not, of old, anything (that had real existence)." Thus does God
the Unbelievers to stray.
040.075 "That was because ye were wont to rejoice on the earth in things other
the Truth, and that ye were wont to be insolent.
040.076 "Enter ye the gates of Hell, to dwell therein: and evil is (this) abode of the
040.077 So persevere in patience; for the Promise of God is true: and whether
show thee (in this life) some part of what We promise them,- or We take thy soul (to
Our Mercy) (before that),-(in any case) it is to Us that they shall (all) return.
040.078 We did aforetime send messengers before thee: of them there are some whose
story We have related to thee, and some whose story We have not related to thee. It
was not (possible) for any messenger to bring a sign except by the leave of God:
when the Command of God issued, the matter was decided in truth and justice, and
there perished, there and then those who stood on Falsehoods.
040.079 It is God Who made cattle for you, that ye may use some for riding and
some for food;
040.080 And there are (other) advantages in them for you (besides); that ye may
through them attain to any need (there may be) in your hearts; and on them and
ships ye are carried.
040.081 And He shows you (always) His Signs: then which of the Signs of God will
040.082 Do they not travel through the earth and see what was the End of those
before them? They were more numerous than these and superior in strength and in
traces (they have left) in the land: Yet all that they accomplished was of no profit to
040.083 For when their messengers came to them with Clear Signs, they exulted in
knowledge (and skill) as they had; but that very (Wrath) at which they were wont to
scoff hemmed them in.
040.084 But when they saw Our Punishment, they said: "We believe in God,- the
God - and we reject the partners we used to join with Him."
040.085 But their professing the Faith when they (actually) saw Our Punishment
not going to profit them. (Such has been) God's Way of dealing with His Servants
(from the most ancient times). And even thus did the Rejecters of God perish