Surah 4 - Al-Nisa' THE WOMEN
004.001 O mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord, who created you from a single
Person, created, of like nature, His mate, and from them twain scattered (like
countless men and women;- Fear God, through whom ye demand your mutual
(rights), and (reverence) the wombs (That bore you): for God ever watches over
004.002 To orphans restore their property (When they reach their age), nor substitute
(your) worthless things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (
mixing it up) with your own. For this is indeed a great sin.
004.003 If ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans,
women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be
deal justly (with them), then only one, or (a captive) that your right hands possess,
that will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.
004.004 And give the women (on marriage) their dower as a free gift; but if they, of
their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, Take it and enjoy it with
004.005 To those weak of understanding Make not over your property, which God
hath made a means of support for you, but feed and clothe them therewith, and speak
to them words of kindness and justice.
004.006 Make trial of orphans until they reach the age of marriage; if then ye
sound judgment in them, release their property to them; but consume it not
wastefully, nor in haste against their growing up. If the guardian is well-off,
claim no remuneration, but if he is poor, let him have for himself what is just
reasonable. When ye release their property to them, take witnesses in their presence:
But all-sufficient is God in taking account.
004.007 From what is left by parents and those nearest related there is a share for
men and a share for women, whether the property be small or large,-a determinate
004.008 But if at the time of division other relatives, or orphans or poor, are present,
feed them out of the (property), and speak to them words of kindness and justice.
004.009 Let those (disposing of an estate) have the same fear in their minds as they
would have for their own if they had left a helpless family behind: Let them fear God,
and speak words of appropriate (comfort).
004.010 Those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, eat up a Fire into their
own bodies: They will soon be enduring a Blazing Fire!
004.011 God (thus) directs you as regards your children's (inheritance): to the male,
a portion equal to that of two females: if only daughters, two or more, their share is
two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is a half. For parents, a
of the inheritance to each, if the deceased left children; if no children, and
are the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased left brothers (or
the mother has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases is) after the payment of legacies
and debts. Ye know not whether your parents or your children are nearest to you
benefit. These are settled portions ordained by God; and God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
004.012 In what your wives leave, your share is a half, if they leave no child; but if
they leave a child, ye get a fourth; after payment of legacies and debts. In what ye
leave, their share is a fourth, if ye leave no child; but if ye leave a child,
they get an
eighth; after payment of legacies and debts. If the man or woman whose inheritance is
in question, has left neither ascendants nor descendants, but has left a brother or a
sister, each one of the two gets a sixth; but if more than two, they share in a
after payment of legacies and debts; so that no loss is caused (to anyone). Thus is it
ordained by God; and God is All-Knowing, Most Forbearing.
004.013 Those are limits set by God: those who obey God and His Messenger will be
admitted to Gardens with rivers flowing beneath, to abide therein (for ever) and that
will be the Supreme achievement.
004.014 But those who disobey God and His Messenger and transgress His limits will
be admitted to a Fire, to abide therein: And they shall have a humiliating punishment.
004.015 If any of your women are guilty of lewdness, Take the evidence of four
(reliable) witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they testify, confine them
to houses until death do claim them, or God ordain for them some (other) way.
004.016 If two men among you are guilty of lewdness, punish them both. If they repent and amend, leave them alone; for God is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
004.017 God accepts the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and repent soon afterwards; to them will God turn in mercy: For God is full of knowledge and wisdom.
004.018 Of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil, until
faces one of them, and he says, "Now have I repented indeed;" nor of those who
rejecting Faith: for them have We prepared a punishment most grievous.
004.019 O ye who believe! Ye are forbidden to inherit women against their will. Nor
should ye treat them with harshness, that ye may take away part of the dower ye
given them,-except where they have been guilty of open lewdness; on the contrary
live with them on a footing of kindness and equity. If ye take a dislike to them it may
be that ye dislike a thing, and God brings about through it a great deal of good.
004.020 But if ye decide to take one wife in place of another, even if ye had
the latter a whole treasure for dower, take not the least bit of it back: Would
it by slander and manifest wrong?
004.021 And how could ye take it when ye have gone in unto each other, and they
have taken from you a solemn covenant?
004.022 And marry not women whom your fathers married,- except what is past: It was shameful and odious,- an abominable custom indeed.
004.023 Prohibited to you (for marriage) are:- your mothers, daughters, sisters;
father's sisters, mother's sisters; brother's daughters, sister's daughters; foster-mothers
(who gave you suck), foster-sisters; your wives' mothers; your step-daughters under
your guardianship, born of your wives to whom ye have gone in,- no prohibition
have not gone in;- (those who have been) wives of your sons proceeding from your
loins; and two sisters in wedlock at one and the same time, except for what is
God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful;-
004.024 Also (prohibited are) women already married, except those whom your right
hands possess: Thus hath God ordained (prohibitions) against you: Except for these,
all others are lawful, provided ye seek (them in marriage) with gifts from your
property,- desiring chastity, not lust, seeing that ye derive benefit from them, give
them their dowers (at least) as prescribed; but if, after a dower is prescribed
mutually (to vary it), there is no blame on you, and God is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
004.025 If any of you have not the means wherewith to wed free believing women,
they may wed believing girls from among those whom your right hands possess: And
God hath full knowledge about your faith. Ye are one from another: Wed them with
the leave of their owners, and give them their dowers, according to what is
reasonable: They should be chaste, not lustful, nor taking paramours: when they
taken in wedlock, if they fall into shame, their punishment is half that for free women.
This (permission) is for those among you who fear sin; but it is better for you
practise self-restraint. And God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
004.026 God doth wish to make clear to you and to show you the ordinances of those
before you; and (He doth wish to) turn to you (In Mercy): And God is All-Knowing,
004.027 God doth wish to turn to you, but the wish of those who follow their lusts is
that ye should turn away (from Him),- far, far away.
004.028 God doth wish to lighten your (difficulties): For man was created weak
004.029 O ye who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities:
But let there be amongst you traffic and trade by mutual good will: Nor kill (or
destroy) yourselves: for verily God hath been to you Most Merciful!
004.030 If any do that in rancour and injustice,- soon shall We cast them into
Fire: And easy it is for God.
004.031 If ye (but) eschew the most heinous of the things which ye are forbidden to
do, We shall expel out of you all the evil in you, and admit you to a Gate of great
004.032 And in nowise covet those things in which God hath bestowed His gifts
more freely on some of you than on others: To men is allotted what they earn, and to
women what they earn: But ask God of His bounty. For God hath full knowledge of
004.033 To (benefit) every one, We have appointed shares and heirs to property
by parents and relatives. To those, also, to whom your right hand was pledged,
their due portion. For truly God is witness to all things.
004.034 Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because God has given
the one more (strength) than the other, and because they support them from their
means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient, and guard in (the
husband's) absence what God would have them guard. As to those women on whose
part ye fear disloyalty and ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (Next), refuse
their beds, (And last) beat them (lightly); but if they return to obedience, seek not
against them means (of annoyance): For God is Most High, Great (above you all).
004.035 If ye fear a breach between them twain, appoint (two) arbiters, one from his
family, and the other from hers; if they wish for peace, God will cause their
reconciliation: For God hath full knowledge, and is acquainted with all things.
004.036 Serve God, and join not any partners with Him; and do good- to parents,
kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbours who are near, neighbours who are
strangers, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (ye meet), and what your right
hands possess: For God loveth not the arrogant, the vainglorious;-
004.037 (Nor) those who are niggardly or enjoin niggardliness on others, or hide the
bounties which God hath bestowed on them; for We have prepared, for those who
resist Faith, a punishment that steeps them in contempt;-
004.038 Nor those who spend of their substance, to be seen of men, but have no
in God and the Last Day: If any take the Evil One for their intimate, what a dreadful
intimate he is!
004.039 And what burden were it on them if they had faith in God and in the Last
Day, and they spent out of what God hath given them for sustenance? For God hath
full knowledge of them.
004.040 God is never unjust in the least degree: If there is any good
doubleth it, and giveth from His own presence a great reward.
004.041 How then if We brought from each people a witness, and We
brought thee as a witness against these people!
004.042 On that day those who reject Faith and disobey the Messenger will wish that the
earth Were made one with them: But never will they hide a single fact from God!
004.043 O ye who believe! Approach not prayers with a mind befogged,
until ye can
understand all that ye say,- nor in a state of ceremonial impurity (Except when
travelling on the road), until after washing your whole body. If ye are ill, or
journey, or one of you cometh from offices of nature, or ye have been in contact with
women, and ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and
therewith your faces and hands. For God doth blot out sins and forgive
again and again.
004.044 Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who were given a portion of the
Book? they traffic in error, and wish that ye should lose the right path.
004.045 But God hath full knowledge of your enemies: God is enough for a
Protector, and God is enough for a Helper.
004.046 Of the Jews there are those who displace words from their (right) places, and
say: "We hear and we disobey"; and "Hear, may you not hear,"; and
"Ra'ina"; with a twist of their tongues and a slander to Faith. If only they had said: "What hear and we
obey"; and "Do hear"; and "Do look at us"; it would have been better for them,
more proper; but God hath cursed them for their Unbelief; and but few of them will
004.047 O ye People of the Book! believe in what We have (now) revealed,
confirming what was (already) with you, before We change the face and fame of
some (of you) beyond all recognition, and turn them hindwards, or curse them as
cursed the Sabbath-breakers, for the decision of God must be carried out.
004.048 God forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgiveth
anything else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with God is to devise a
Most heinous indeed.
004.049 Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who claim sanctity for themselves?
Nay-but God Doth sanctify whom He pleaseth. But never will they fail to receive
justice in the least little thing.
004.050 Behold! how they invent a lie against God! but that by itself is a manifest
004.051 Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who were given a portion of the
Book? they believe in sorcery and Evil, and say to the Unbelievers that they are better
guided in the (right) way than the believers!
004.052 They are (men) whom God hath cursed: And those whom God Hath cursed,
thou wilt find, have no one to help.
004.053 Have they a share in dominion or power? Behold, they give not a farthing to
004.054 Or do they envy mankind for what God hath given them of his bounty? but
We had already given the people of Abraham the Book and Wisdom, and conferred
upon them a great kingdom.
004.055 Some of them believed, and some of them averted their faces from him: And
enough is Hell for a burning fire.
004.056 Those who reject our Signs, We shall soon cast into the Fire: as often
their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for fresh skins, that they may
taste the penalty: for God is Exalted in Power, Wise.
004.057 But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, We shall soon admit
to Gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,- their eternal home: Therein shall they have
companions pure and holy: We shall admit them to shades, cool and ever deepening.
004.058 God doth command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they
are due; And when ye judge between man and man, that ye judge with justice: Verily
how excellent is the teaching which He giveth you! For God is He Who heareth and
seeth all things.
004.059 O ye who believe! Obey God, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with
authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to God
His Messenger, if ye do believe in God and the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable
for final determination.
004.060 Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who declare that they believe
revelations that have come to thee and to those before thee? Their (real) wish
resort together for judgment (in their disputes) to the Evil One, though they were
ordered to reject him. But Satan's wish is to lead them astray far away (from the
004.061 When it is said to them: "Come to what God hath revealed, and to the
Messenger": Thou seest the Hypocrites avert their faces from thee in disgust.
004.062 How then, when they are seized by misfortune, because of the deeds which
their hands have sent forth? Then their come to thee, swearing by God: "We meant
more than good-will and conciliation!"
004.063 Those men,-God knows what is in their hearts; so keep clear of them, but
admonish them, and speak to them a word to reach their very souls.
004.064 We sent not an Messenger, but to be obeyed, in accordance with the will
God. If they had only, when they were unjust to themselves, come unto thee and
asked God's forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would
have found God indeed Oft-returning, Most Merciful.
004.065 But no, by the Lord, they can have no (real) Faith, until they make thee
judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against Thy
decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction.
004.066 If We had ordered them to sacrifice their lives or to leave their homes, very
few of them would have done it: But if they had done what they were (actually)
it would have been best for them, and would have gone farthest to strengthen their
004.067 And We should then have given them from our presence a great reward;
004.068 And We should have shown them the Straight Way.
004.069 All who obey God and the Messenger are in the company of those on whom is
the Grace of God,- of the prophets (who teach), the sincere (lovers of Truth),
witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do good): Ah! what a beautiful
004.070 Such is the bounty from God: And sufficient is it that God knoweth all.
004.071 O ye who believe! Take your precautions, and either go forth in parties or go
forth all together.
004.072 There are certainly among you men who would tarry behind: If a misfortune
befalls you, they say: "God did favour us in that we were not present among them."
004.073 But if good fortune comes to you from God, they would be sure to say -
there had never been ties of affection between you and them - "Oh! I wish I had
with them; a fine thing should I then have made of it!"
004.074 Let those fight in the cause of God who sell the life of this world for the
hereafter. To him who fighteth in the cause of God,- whether he is slain or gets
victory - Soon shall We give him a reward of great (value).
004.075 And why should ye not fight in the cause of God and of those who, being
weak, are ill-treated (and oppressed)?- Men, women, and children, whose cry is:
Lord! Rescue us from this town, whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from
thee one who will protect; and raise for us from thee one who will help!"
004.076 Those who believe fight in the cause of God, and those who reject Faith
Fight in the cause of Evil: So fight ye against the friends of Satan: feeble in
deed is the
cunning of Satan.
004.077 Hast thou not turned Thy vision to those who were told to hold back their
hands (from fight) but establish regular prayers and spend in regular charity?
(at length) the order for fighting was issued to them, behold! a section of them feared
men as - or even more than - they should have feared God: They said: "Our Lord!
Why hast Thou ordered us to fight? Wouldst Thou not Grant us respite to our
(natural) term, near (enough)?" Say: "Short is the enjoyment of this world: the
Hereafter is the best for those who do right: Never will ye be dealt with unjustly in the
004.078 "Wherever ye are, death will find you out, even if ye are in towers built up
strong and high!" If some good befalls them, they say, "This is from God"; but
they say, "This is from thee" (O Prophet). Say: "All things are from God." But
hath come to these people, that they fail to understand a single fact?
004.079 Whatever good, (O man!) happens to thee, is from God; but whatever evil
happens to thee, is from thy (own) soul. and We have sent thee as a Messenger to
(instruct) mankind. And enough is God for a witness.
004.080 He who obeys the Messenger, obeys God: But if any turn away, We have not
sent thee to watch over their (evil deeds).
004.081 They have "Obedience" on their lips; but when they leave thee, a section of
them Meditate all night on things very different from what thou tellest them. But God
records their nightly (plots): So keep clear of them, and put thy trust in God,
enough is God as a disposer of affairs.
004.082 Do they not consider the Qur'an (with care)? Had it been from other than
God, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy.
004.083 When there comes to them some matter touching (Public) safety or fear,
they divulge it. If they had only referred it to the Messenger, or to those charged with
authority among them, the proper investigators would have tested it from them
(direct). Were it not for the Grace and Mercy of God unto you, all but a few of
would have followed Satan.
004.084 Then fight in God's cause - Thou art held responsible only for thyself
rouse the believers. It may be that God will restrain the fury of the Unbelievers; for
God is the strongest in might and in punishment.
004.085 Whoever recommends and helps a good cause becomes a partner
therein: And whoever recommends and helps an evil cause, shares in its burden: And God
hath power over all things.
004.086 When a (courteous) greeting is offered you, meet it with a greeting still more
courteous, or (at least) of equal courtesy. God takes careful account of all things.
004.087 God! There is no god but He: of a surety He will gather you together against
the Day of Judgment, about which there is no doubt. And whose word can be truer
004.088 Why should ye be divided into two parties about the Hypocrites? God hath
upset them for their (evil) deeds. Would ye guide those whom God hath thrown out of
the Way? For those whom God hath thrown out of the Way, never shalt thou find the
004.089 They but wish that ye should reject Faith, as they do, and thus be on
same footing (as they): So take not friends from their ranks until they flee in the way
of God (From what is forbidden). But if they turn renegades, seize them and slay
them wherever ye find them; and (in any case) take no friends or helpers from their
004.090 Except those who join a group between whom and you there is a treaty (of
peace), or those who approach you with hearts restraining them from fighting you as
well as fighting their own people. If God had pleased, He could have given them
power over you, and they would have fought you: Therefore if they withdraw from
you but fight you not, and (instead) send you (Guarantees of) peace, then God Hath
opened no way for you (to war against them).
004.091 Others you will find that wish to gain your confidence as well as that
people: Every time they are sent back to temptation, they succumb thereto: if they
withdraw not from you nor give you (guarantees) of peace besides restraining their
hands, seize them and slay them wherever ye get them: In their case We have
provided you with a clear argument against them.
004.092 Never should a believer kill a believer; but (If it so happens) by mistake,
(Compensation is due): If one (so) kills a believer, it is ordained that he should free a
believing slave, and pay compensation to the deceased's family, unless they remit it
freely. If the deceased belonged to a people at war with you, and he was a believer,
the freeing of a believing slave (Is enough). If he belonged to a people with whom ye
have treaty of Mutual alliance, compensation should be paid to his family, and
believing slave be freed. For those who find this beyond their means, (is prescribed) a
fast for two months running: by way of repentance to God: for God hath all
knowledge and all wisdom.
004.093 If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide
therein (Forever): And the wrath and the curse of God are upon him, and a dreadful
penalty is prepared for him.
004.094 O ye who believe! When ye go abroad in the cause of God, investigate
carefully, and say not to any one who offers you a salutation: "Thou art none of a
believer!" Coveting the perishable goods of this life: with God are profits and
abundant. Even thus were ye yourselves before, till God conferred on you His
favours: Therefore carefully investigate. For God is well aware of all that ye
004.095 Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt, and
those who strive and fight in the cause of God with their goods and their persons. God
hath granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight with their goods and
than to those who sit (at home). Unto all (in Faith) Hath God promised good: But
those who strive and fight hath He distinguished above those who sit (at home)
004.096 Ranks specially bestowed by Him, and Forgiveness and Mercy. For God is
Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
004.097 When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their souls, they
say: "In what (plight) Were ye?" They reply: "Weak and oppressed were we in the
earth." They say: "Was not the earth of God spacious enough for you to move
yourselves away (From evil)?" Such men will find their abode in Hell,- What an
004.098 Except those who are (really) weak and oppressed - men, women, and
children - who have no means in their power, nor (a guide-post) to direct their way.
004.099 For these, there is hope that God will forgive: For God doth blot out
and forgive again and again.
004.100 He who forsakes his home in the cause of God, finds in the earth Many
refuge, wide and spacious: Should he die as a refugee from home for God and His
Messenger, His reward becomes due and sure with God: And God is Oft-forgiving, Most
004.101 When ye travel through the earth, there is no blame on you if ye shorten
your prayers, for fear the Unbelievers may attack you: For the Unbelievers are
you open enemies.
004.102 When thou (O Messenger) art with them, and standest to lead them in prayer,
Let one party of them stand up (in prayer) with thee, Taking their arms with them:
When they finish their prostrations, let them take their position in the rear.
the other party come up which hath not yet prayed - and let them pray with thee,
Taking all precautions, and bearing arms: the Unbelievers wish, if ye were negligent of
your arms and your baggage, to assault you in a single rush. But there is no blame on
you if ye put away your arms because of the inconvenience of rain or because ye
ill; but take (every) precaution for yourselves. For the Unbelievers God hath prepared
a humiliating punishment.
004.103 When ye pass (Congregational) prayers, celebrate God's praises, standing,
sitting down, or lying down on your sides; but when ye are free from danger, set up
Regular Prayers: For such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.
004.104 And slacken not in following up the enemy: If ye are suffering hardships,
they are suffering similar hardships; but ye have Hope from God, while they have
none. And God is full of knowledge and wisdom.
004.105 We have sent down to thee the Book in truth, that thou mightest judge
between men, as guided by God: so be not (used) as an advocate by those who betray
004.106 But seek the forgiveness of God; for God is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
004.107 Contend not on behalf of such as betray their own souls; for God loveth not
one given to perfidy and crime:
004.108 They may hide (their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide (them) from
God, seeing that He is with them when they plot by night, in words that He
approve: And God Doth compass round all that they do.
004.109 Ah! These are the sort of men on whose behalf ye may contend in this
world; but who will contend with God on their behalf on the Day of Judgment, or
who will carry their affairs through?
004.110 If any one does evil or wrongs his own soul but afterwards seeks God's
forgiveness, he will find God Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
004.111 And if any one earns sin, he earns it against His own soul: for God is
knowledge and wisdom.
004.112 But if any one earns a fault or a sin and throws it on to one that is
He carries (on himself) (Both) a falsehood and a flagrant sin.
004.113 But for the Grace of God to thee and his Mercy, a party of them would
certainly have plotted to lead thee astray. But (in fact) they will only lead their own
souls astray, and to thee they can do no harm in the least. For God hath sent down to
thee the Book and wisdom and taught thee what thou knewest not (before): And great
is the Grace of God unto thee.
004.114 In most of their secret talks there is no good: But if one exhorts to
a deed of
charity or justice or conciliation between men, (Secrecy is permissible): To him who
does this, seeking the good pleasure of God, We shall soon give a reward of the
004.115 If anyone contends with the Messenger even after guidance has been plainly
conveyed to him, and follows a path other than that becoming to men of Faith, We
shall leave him in the path he has chosen, and land him in Hell,- what an evil
004.116 God forgiveth not (The sin of) joining other gods with Him; but He
forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other gods with
Hath strayed far, far away (from the right).
004.117 (The Pagans), leaving Him, call but upon female deities: They call but
Satan the persistent rebel!
004.118 God did curse him, but he said: "I will take of Thy servants a portion
004.119 "I will mislead them, and I will create in them false desires; I will
them to slit the ears of cattle, and to deface the (fair) nature created by God."
Whoever, forsaking God, takes Satan for a friend, hath of a surety suffered a loss that
004.120 Satan makes them promises, and creates in them false desires; but Satan's
promises are nothing but deception.
004.121 They (his dupes) will have their dwelling in Hell, and from it they will find
no way of escape.
004.122 But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness,- we shall soon admit
them to gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,-to dwell therein forever. God's
is the truth, and whose word can be truer than God's?
004.123 Not your desires, nor those of the People of the Book (can prevail): whoever
works evil, will be requited accordingly. Nor will he find, besides God, any protector
004.124 If any do deeds of righteousness,- be they male or female - and have faith,
they will enter Heaven, and not the least injustice will be done to them.
004.125 Who can be better in religion than one who submits his whole self to God,
does good, and follows the way of Abraham the true in Faith? For God did take
Abraham for a friend.
004.126 But to God belong all things in the heavens and on earth: And He it is
Encompasseth all things.
004.127 They ask thy instruction concerning the women say: God doth instruct you
about them: And (remember) what hath been rehearsed unto you in the Book,
concerning the orphans of women to whom ye give not the portions prescribed, and
yet whom ye desire to marry, as also concerning the children who are weak and
oppressed: that ye stand firm for justice to orphans. There is not a good deed
do, but God is well-acquainted therewith.
004.128 If a wife fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part, there is no blame
on them if they arrange an amicable settlement between themselves; and such
settlement is best; even though men's souls are swayed by greed. But if ye do good
and practise self-restraint, God is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
004.129 Ye are never able to be fair and just as between women, even if it is
ardent desire: But turn not away (from a woman) altogether, so as to leave her
were) hanging (in the air). If ye come to a friendly understanding, and practise self-restraint, God is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
004.130 But if they disagree (and must part), God will provide abundance for all
from His all-reaching bounty: for God is He that careth for all and is Wise.
004.131 To God belong all things in the heavens and on earth. Verily we have
directed the People of the Book before you, and you (O Muslims) to fear God. But if
ye deny Him, lo! unto God belong all things in the heavens and on earth, and God is
free of all wants, worthy of all Praise.
004.132 Yea, unto God belong all things in the heavens and on earth, and enough is
God to carry through all affairs.
004.133 If it were His will, He could destroy you, O mankind, and create another
race; for He hath power this to do.
004.134 If anyone desires a reward in this life, in God's (gift) is the reward (both) of
this life and of the Hereafter: for God is He that heareth and seeth (all things).
004.135 O ye who believe! stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to God, even as
against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, and whether it be (against) rich or
poor: for God can best protect both. Follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest ye
swerve, and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice, verily God is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
004.136 O ye who believe! Believe in God and His Messenger, and the scripture which
He hath sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before (him).
Any who denieth God, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Day of
Judgment, hath gone far, far astray.
004.137 Those who believe, then reject faith, then believe (again) and (again)
faith, and go on increasing in Unbelief,- God will not forgive them nor guide them nor
guide them on the way.
004.138 To the Hypocrites give the glad tidings that there is for them (but) a
004.139 Yea, to those who take for friends unbelievers rather than believers:
honour they seek among them? Nay,- all honour is with God.
004.140 Already has He sent you Word in the Book, that when ye hear the signs
God held in defiance and ridicule, ye are not to sit with them unless they turn
different theme: if ye did, ye would be like them. For God will collect the hypocrites
and those who defy faith - all in Hell:-
004.141 (These are) the ones who wait and watch about you: if ye do gain a victory
from God, they say: "Were we not with you?"- but if the unbelievers gain a success,
they say (to them): "Did we not gain an advantage over you, and did we not guard
you from the believers?" but God will judge betwixt you on the Day of Judgment.
And never will God grant to the unbelievers a way (to triumphs) over the believers.
004.142 The Hypocrites - they think they are over-reaching God, but He will over-reach them: When they stand up to prayer, they stand without earnestness, to be
of men, but little do they hold God in remembrance;
004.143 (They are) distracted in mind even in the midst of it,- being (sincerely) for
neither one group nor for another whom God leaves straying,- never wilt thou find for
him the way.
004.144 O ye who believe! Take not for friends unbelievers rather than believers: Do
ye wish to offer God an open proof against yourselves?
004.145 The Hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire: no helper wilt thou
find for them;-
004.146 Except for those who repent, mend (their lives) hold fast to God, and
their religion as in God's sight: if so they will be (numbered) with the believers. And
soon will God grant to the believers a reward of immense value.
004.147 What can God gain by your punishment, if ye are grateful and ye believe?
Nay, it is God that recogniseth (all good), and knoweth all things.
004.148 God loveth not that evil should be noised abroad in public speech, except
where injustice hath been done; for God is He who heareth and knoweth all things.
004.149 Whether ye publish a good deed or conceal it or cover evil with pardon,
verily God doth blot out (sins) and hath power (in the judgment of values).
004.150 Those who deny God and His Messengers, and (those who) wish to separate
God from His Messengers, saying: "We believe in some but reject others": And (those
who) wish to take a course midway,-
004.151 They are in truth (equally) unbelievers; and we have prepared for
unbelievers a humiliating punishment.
004.152 To those who believe in God and His Messengers and make no distinction
between any of the Messengers, we shall soon give their (due) rewards: for God is
Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
004.153 The people of the Book ask thee to cause a book to descend to them from
heaven: Indeed they asked Moses for an even greater (miracle), for they said: "Show
us God in public," but they were dazed for their presumption, with thunder and
lightning. Yet they worshipped the calf even after clear signs had come to them; even
so we forgave them; and gave Moses manifest proofs of authority.
004.154 And for their covenant we raised over them (the towering height) of Mount
(Sinai); and (on another occasion) we said: "Enter the gate with humility"; and
again) we commanded them: "Transgress not in the matter of the Sabbath." And we
took from them a solemn covenant.
004.155 (They have incurred divine displeasure): In that they broke their covenant;
that they rejected the signs of God; that they slew the Messengers in defiance
that they said, "Our hearts are the wrappings (which preserve God's Word; We need
no more)";- Nay, God hath set the seal on their hearts for their blasphemy, and
it they believe;-
004.156 That they rejected Faith; that they uttered against Mary a grave false
004.157 That they said (in boast), "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary, the
Messenger of God";- but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to
appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain)
knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they killed him not:-
004.158 Nay, God raised him up unto Himself; and God is Exalted in Power, Wise;-
004.159 And there is none of the People of the Book but must believe in him before
his death; and on the Day of Judgment he will be a witness against them;-
004.160 For the iniquity of the Jews We made unlawful for them certain (foods)
good and wholesome which had been lawful for them;- in that they hindered many
from God's Way;-
004.161 That they took usury, though they were forbidden; and that they devoured
men's substance wrongfully;- we have prepared for those among them who reject
faith a grievous punishment.
004.162 But those among them who are well-grounded in knowledge, and the
Believers, believe in what hath been revealed to thee and what was revealed before
thee: And (especially) those who establish regular prayer and practise regular
and believe in God and in the Last Day: To them shall We soon give a great reward.
004.163 We have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers
after him: We sent inspiration to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, to
Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David We gave the Psalms.
004.164 Of some Messengers We have already told thee the story; of
others we have
not-- and to Moses God spoke direct--
004.165 Messengers who gave good news as well as warning, that mankind, after (the
coming) of the Messengers, should have no plea against God: For God is Exalted in
004.166 But God beareth witness that what He hath sent unto thee He hath sent
His (own) knowledge, and the angels bear witness: But enough is God for a witness.
004.167 Those who reject Faith and keep off (men) from the way of God, have verily
strayed far, far away from the Path.
004.168 Those who reject Faith and do wrong,- God will not forgive them nor guide
them to any way-
004.169 Except the way of Hell, to dwell therein forever. And this to God is
004.170 O mankind! The Messenger hath come to you in truth from God: believe in
him: It is best for you. But if ye reject Faith, to God belong all things in the heavens
and on earth: And God is All-Knowing, All-wise.
004.171 O People of the Book! Commit no excesses in your religion: Nor say of
aught but the truth. Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) a Messenger
God, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a Spirit proceeding from Him:
so believe in God and His Messengers. Say not "Trinity" : desist: it will be better for you:
for God is One God: Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son. To
belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is God as a Disposer
004.172 Christ disdaineth nor to serve and worship God, nor do the angels, those
nearest (to God): those who disdain His worship and are arrogant-- He will gather
them all together unto Himself to (answer).
004.173 But to those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, He will give their
(due) rewards,- and more, out of His bounty: But those who are disdainful and
arrogant, He will punish with a grievous penalty; Nor will they find, besides God, any
to protect or help them.
004.174 O mankind! Verily there hath come to you a convincing proof from your
Lord: For We have sent unto you a light (that is) manifest.
004.175 Then those who believe in God, and hold fast to Him,- soon will He admit
them to Mercy and Grace from Himself, and guide them to Himself by a straight Way.
004.176 They ask thee for a legal decision. Say: God directs (thus) about those who
leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs. If it is a man that dies, leaving
but no child, she shall have half the inheritance: If (such a deceased was) a woman,
who left no child, Her brother takes her inheritance: If there are two sisters,
have two-thirds of the inheritance (between them): if there are brothers and sisters,
(they share), the male having twice the share of the female. Thus doth God make
to you (His law), lest ye err. And God hath knowledge of all things.