Surah 31 - Luqman LUQMAN
031.001 Alif, Lam, Mim.
031.002 These are Verses of the Wise Book,-
031.003 A Guide and a Mercy to the Doers of Good,-
031.004 Those who establish regular Prayer, and give regular Charity, and have
their hearts) the assurance of the Hereafter.
031.005 These are on (true) guidance from their Lord: and these are the ones who
031.006 But there are, among men, those who purchase idle tales, without
knowledge (or meaning), to mislead (men) from the Path of God and throw ridicule
(on the Path): for such there will be a Humiliating Penalty.
031.007 When Our Signs are rehearsed to such a one, he turns away in arrogance, as
if he heard them not, as if there were deafness in both his ears: announce to him a
031.008 For those who believe and work righteous deeds, there will be Gardens
031.009 To dwell therein. The promise of God is true: and He is Exalted in Power,
031.010 He created the heavens without any pillars that ye can see; He set on
earth mountains standing firm, lest it should shake with you; and He scattered
it beasts of all kinds. We send down rain from the sky, and produce on the earth every
kind of noble creature, in pairs.
031.011 Such is the Creation of God: now show Me what is there that others besides
Him have created: nay, but the Transgressors are in manifest error.
031.012 we bestowed (in the past) Wisdom on Luqman: "Show (thy) gratitude to
God." Any who is (so) grateful does so to the profit of his own soul: but if any is
ungrateful, verily God is free of all wants, Worthy of all praise.
031.013 Behold, Luqman said to his son by way of instruction: "O my son! join
in worship (others) with God: for false worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing."
031.014 And We have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents: in travail upon
travail did his mother bear him, and in years twain was his weaning: (hear the
command), "Show gratitude to Me and to thy parents: to Me is (thy final) Goal.
031.015 "But if they strive to make thee join in worship with Me things of which
thou hast no knowledge, obey them not; yet bear them company in this life with
justice (and consideration), and follow the way of those who turn to me (in love): in
the end the return of you all is to Me, and I will tell you the truth (and meaning) of all
that ye did."
031.016 "O my son!" (said Luqman), "If there be (but) the weight of a mustard-seed
and it were (hidden) in a rock, or (anywhere) in the heavens or on earth, God will
bring it forth: for God understands the finest mysteries, (and) is well-acquainted (with
031.017 "O my son! establish regular prayer, enjoin what is just, and forbid what is
wrong: and bear with patient constancy whatever betide thee; for this is firmness (of
purpose) in (the conduct of) affairs.
031.018 "And swell not thy cheek (for pride) at men, nor walk in insolence through
the earth; for God loveth not any arrogant boaster.
031.019 "And be moderate in thy pace, and lower thy voice; for the harshest of
sounds without doubt is the braying of the ass."
031.020 Do ye not see that God has subjected to your (use) all things in the heavens
and on earth, and has made his bounties flow to you in exceeding measure, (both)
seen and unseen? Yet there are among men those who dispute about God, without
knowledge and without guidance, and without a Book to enlighten them!
031.021 When they are told to follow the (Revelation) that God has sent down,
say: "Nay, we shall follow the ways that we found our fathers (following). "What!
even if it is Satan beckoning them to the Penalty of the (Blazing) Fire?
031.022 Whoever submits his whole self to God, and is a doer of good, has grasped
indeed the most trustworthy hand-hold: and with God rests the End and Decision
031.023 But if any reject Faith, let not his rejection grieve thee: to Us is their return,
and We shall tell them the truth of their deeds: for God knows well all that is
031.024 We grant them their pleasure for a little while: in the end shall We drive
them to a chastisement unrelenting.
031.025 If thou ask them, who it is that created the heavens and the earth. They will
certainly say, "God". Say: "Praise be to God!" But most of them understand not.
031.026 To God belong all things in heaven and earth: verily God is He (that is) free
of all wants, worthy of all praise.
031.027 And if all the trees on earth were pens and the ocean (were ink), with
oceans behind it to add to its (supply), yet would not the words of God be exhausted
(in the writing): for God is Exalted in Power, full of Wisdom.
031.028 And your creation or your resurrection is in no wise but as an individual
soul: for God is He Who hears and sees (all things).
031.029 Seest thou not that God merges Night into Day and he merges Day into
Night; that He has subjected the sun, and the moon (to his Law), each running its
course for a term appointed; and that God is well-acquainted with all that ye do?
031.030 That is because God is the (only) Reality, and because whatever else they
invoke besides Him is Falsehood; and because God,- He is the Most High, Most
031.031 Seest thou not that the ships sail through the ocean by the Grace of God?-
that He may show you of His Signs? Verily in this are Signs for all who constantly
persevere and give thanks.
031.032 When a wave covers them like the canopy (of clouds), they call to God,
offering Him sincere devotion. But when He has delivered them safely to land, there
are among them those that halt between (right and wrong). But none reject Our Signs
except only a perfidious ungrateful (wretch)!
031.033 O mankind! do your duty to your Lord, and fear (the coming of) a Day when
no father can avail aught for his son, nor a son avail aught for his father. Verily, the
promise of God is true: let not then this present life deceive you, nor let the
Deceiver deceive you about God.
031.034 Verily the knowledge of the Hour is with God (alone). It is He Who sends
down rain, and He Who knows what is in the wombs. Nor does any one know what it
is that he will earn on the morrow: Nor does any one know in what land he is to
Verily with God is full knowledge and He is acquainted (with all things).