Surah 28 - Al Qasas THE NARRATIONS
028.001 Ta, Sin, Mim.
028.002 These are Verses of the Book that makes (things) clear.
028.003 We rehearse to thee some of the story of Moses and Pharaoh in Truth, for
people who believe.
028.004 Truly Pharaoh elated himself in the land and broke up its people into
sections, depressing a small group among them: their sons he slew, but he kept
their females: for he was indeed a maker of mischief.
028.005 And We wished to be Gracious to those who were being depressed in the
land, to make them leaders (in Faith) and make them heirs,
028.006 To establish a firm place for them in the land, and to show Pharaoh, Haman,
and their hosts, at their hands, the very things against which they were taking
028.007 So We sent this inspiration to the mother of Moses: "Suckle (thy child), but
when thou hast fears about him, cast him into the river, but fear not nor grieve: for
We shall restore him to thee, and We shall make him one of Our messengers."
028.008 Then the people of Pharaoh picked him up (from the river): (It was
intended) that (Moses) should be to them an adversary and a cause of sorrow: for
Pharaoh and Haman and (all) their hosts were men of sin.
028.009 The wife of Pharaoh said: "(Here is) joy of the eye, for me and for thee: slay
him not. It may be that he will be use to us, or we may adopt him as a son." And they
perceived not (what they were doing)!
028.010 But there came to be a void in the heart of the mother of Moses: She was
going almost to disclose his (case), had We not strengthened her heart (with faith), so
that she might remain a (firm) believer.
028.011 And she said to the sister of (Moses), "Follow him" so she (the sister)
watched him in the character of a stranger. And they knew not.
028.012 And we ordained that he refused suck at first, until (His sister came
said: "Shall I point out to you the people of a house that will nourish and bring him up
for you and be sincerely attached to him?"...
028.013 Thus did We restore him to his mother, that her eye might be comforted, that
she might not grieve, and that she might know that the promise of God is true:
most of them do not understand.
028.014 When he reached full age, and was firmly established (in life), We bestowed
on him wisdom and knowledge: for thus do We reward those who do good.
028.015 And he entered the city at a time when its people were not watching: and he
found there two men fighting,- one of his own religion, and the other, of his foes.
Now the man of his own religion appealed to him against his foe, and Moses struck
him with his fist and made an end of him. He said: "This is a work of Evil (Satan): for
he is an enemy that manifestly misleads!"
028.016 He prayed: "O my Lord! I have indeed wronged my soul! Do Thou then
forgive me!" So (God) forgave him: for He is the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
028.017 He said: "O my Lord! For that Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace on me, never
shall I be a help to those who sin!"
028.018 So he saw the morning in the city, looking about, in a state of fear,
behold, the man who had, the day before, sought his help called aloud for his help
(again). Moses said to him: "Thou art truly, it is clear, a quarrelsome fellow!"
028.019 Then, when he decided to lay hold of the man who was an enemy to both
them, that man said: "O Moses! Is it thy intention to slay me as thou slewest a
yesterday? Thy intention is none other than to become a powerful violent man in
land, and not to be one who sets things right!"
028.020 And there came a man, running, from the furthest end of the City. He said:
"O Moses! the Chiefs are taking counsel together about thee, to slay thee: so get thee
away, for I do give thee sincere advice."
028.021 He therefore got away therefrom, looking about, in a state of fear. He
"O my Lord! save me from people given to wrong-doing."
028.022 Then, when he turned his face towards (the land of) Madyan, he said: "I do
hope that my Lord will show me the smooth and straight Path."
028.023 And when he arrived at the watering (place) in Madyan, he found there
group of men watering (their flocks), and besides them he found two women who
were keeping back (their flocks). He said: "What is the matter with you?" They
"We cannot water (our flocks) until the shepherds take back (their flocks): And
father is a very old man."
028.024 So he watered (their flocks) for them; then he turned back to the shade, and
said:"O my Lord! truly am I in (desperate) need of any good that Thou dost send
028.025 Afterwards one of the (damsels) came (back) to him, walking bashfully.
said: "My father invites thee that he may reward thee for having watered (our flocks)
for us." So when he came to him and narrated the story, he said: "Fear thou not: (well)
hast thou escaped from unjust people."
028.026 Said one of the (damsels): "O my (dear) father! engage him on wages: truly
the best of men for thee to employ is the (man) who is strong and trusty"....
028.027 He said: "I intend to wed one of these my daughters to thee, on condition
that thou serve me for eight years; but if thou complete ten years, it will be
from thee. But I intend not to place thee under a difficulty: thou wilt find me, indeed,
if God wills, one of the righteous."
028.028 He said: "Be that (the agreement) between me and thee: whichever of the
two terms I fulfil, let there be no ill-will to me. Be God a witness to what we
028.029 Now when Moses had fulfilled the term, and was travelling with his family,
he perceived a fire in the direction of Mount Tur. He said to his family: "Tarry ye; I
perceive a fire; I hope to bring you from there some information, or a burning
firebrand, that ye may warm yourselves."
028.030 But when he came to the (fire), a voice was heard from the right bank
valley, from a tree in hallowed ground: "O Moses! Verily I am God, the Lord of
028.031 "Now do thou throw thy rod!" but when he saw it moving (of its own
accord) as if it had been a snake, he turned back in retreat, and retraced not
O Moses!" (It was said), "Draw near, and fear not: for thou art of those who are
028.032 "Move thy hand into thy bosom, and it will come forth white without stain
(or harm), and draw thy hand close to thy side (to guard) against fear. Those
two credentials from thy Lord to Pharaoh and his Chiefs: for truly they are a people
rebellious and wicked."
028.033 He said: "O my Lord! I have slain a man among them, and I fear lest they
028.034 "And my brother Aaron - He is more eloquent in speech than I: so send
with me as a helper, to confirm (and strengthen) me: for I fear that they may accuse
me of falsehood."
028.035 He said: "We will certainly strengthen thy arm through thy brother, and
invest you both with authority, so they shall not be able to touch you: with Our Sign
shall ye triumph,- you two as well as those who follow you."
028.036 When Moses came to them with Our clear signs, they said: "This is nothing
but sorcery faked up: never did we head the like among our fathers of old!"
028.037 Moses said: "My Lord knows best who it is that comes with guidance from
Him and whose end will be best in the Hereafter: certain it is that the wrong-doers
will not prosper."
028.038 Pharaoh said: "O Chiefs! no god do I know for you but myself: therefore, O
Haman! light me a (kiln to bake bricks) out of clay, and build me a lofty palace, that I
may mount up to the god of Moses: but as far as I am concerned, I think (Moses)
028.039 And he was arrogant and insolent in the land, beyond reason,- He and his
hosts: they thought that they would not have to return to Us!
028.040 So We seized him and his hosts, and We flung them into the sea: Now
behold what was the end of those who did wrong!
028.041 And we made them (but) leaders inviting to the Fire; and on the Day of
Judgment no help shall they find.
028.042 in this world We made a curse to follow them and on the Day of Judgment
they will be among the loathed (and despised).
028.043 We did reveal to Moses the Book after We had destroyed the earlier
generations, (to give) Insight to men, and guidance and Mercy, that they might
028.044 Thou wast not on the Western side when We decreed the Commission to
Moses, nor wast thou a witness (of those events).
028.045 But We raised up (new) generations, and long were the ages that passed
them; but thou wast not a dweller among the people of Madyan, rehearsing Our Signs
to them; but it is We Who send messengers (with inspiration).
028.046 Nor wast thou at the side of (the Mountain of) Tur when we called (to
Moses). Yet (art thou sent) as Mercy from thy Lord, to give warning to a people
whom no warner had come before thee: in order that they may receive admonition.
028.047 If (We had) not (sent thee to the Quraish),- in case a calamity should
them for (the deeds) that their hands have sent forth, they might say: "Our Lord! why
didst Thou not sent us a messenger? We should then have followed Thy Signs and been
amongst those who believe!"
028.048 But (now), when the Truth has come to them from Ourselves, they say,
"Why are not (Signs) sent to him, like those which were sent to Moses?" Do they
then reject (the Signs) which were formerly sent to Moses? They say: "Two kinds
sorcery, each assisting the other!" And they say: "For us, we reject all (such
028.049 Say: "Then bring ye a Book from God, which is a better guide than either of
them, that I may follow it! (do), if ye are truthful!"
028.050 But if they hearken not to thee, know that they only follow their own
and who is more astray than one who follow his own lusts, devoid of guidance from
God? for God guides not people given to wrong-doing.
028.051 Now have We caused the Word to reach them themselves, in order that they
may receive admonition.
028.052 Those to whom We sent the Book before this,- they do believe in this
028.053 And when it is recited to them, they say: "We believe therein, for it
Truth from our Lord: indeed we have been Muslims (bowing to God's Will) from
028.054 Twice will they be given their reward, for that they have persevered,
they avert Evil with Good, and that they spend (in charity) out of what We have
028.055 And when they hear vain talk, they turn away therefrom and say: "To us
deeds, and to you yours; peace be to you: we seek not the ignorant."
028.056 It is true thou wilt not be able to guide every one, whom thou lovest;
God guides those whom He will and He knows best those who receive guidance.
028.057 They say: "If we were to follow the guidance with thee, we should be
snatched away from our land." Have We not established for them a secure sanctuary,
to which are brought as tribute fruits of all kinds,- a provision from Ourselves? but
most of them understand not.
028.058 And how many populations We destroyed, which exulted in their life (of
ease and plenty)! now those habitations of theirs, after them, are deserted,- All but a
(miserable) few! and We are their heirs!
028.059 Nor was thy Lord the one to destroy a population until He had sent to
centre a messenger, rehearsing to them Our Signs; nor are We going to destroy a
population except when its members practise iniquity.
028.060 The (material) things which ye are given are but the conveniences of this life
and the glitter thereof; but that which is with God is better and more enduring: will ye
not then be wise?
028.061 Are (these two) alike?- one to whom We have made a goodly promise, and
who is going to reach its (fulfilment), and one to whom We have given the good
things of this life, but who, on the Day of Judgment, is to be among those brought up
028.062 That Day (God) will call to them, and say "Where are my 'partners'?- whom
ye imagined (to be such)?"
028.063 Those against whom the charge will be proved, will say: "Our Lord! These
are the ones whom we led astray: we led them astray, as we were astray ourselves: we
free ourselves (from them) in Thy presence: it was not us they worshipped."
028.064 It will be said (to them): "Call upon your 'partners' (for help)" :they will call
upon them, but they will not listen to them; and they will see the Penalty (before
them); (how they will wish) 'if only they had been open to guidance!'
028.065 That Day (God) will call to them, and say: "What was the answer ye gave to
028.066 Then the (whole) story that Day will seem obscure to them (like light
blind) and they will not be able (even) to question each other.
028.067 But any that (in this life) had repented, believed, and worked righteousness,
will have hopes to be among those who achieve salvation.
028.068 Thy Lord does create and choose as He pleases: no choice have they (in
matter): Glory to God! and far is He above the partners they ascribe (to Him)!
028.069 And thy Lord knows all that their hearts conceal and all that they reveal.
028.070 And He is God: There is no god but He. To Him be praise, at the first
the last: for Him is the Command, and to Him shall ye (all) be brought back.
028.071 Say: See ye? If God were to make the night perpetual over you to the Day of
Judgment, what god is there other than God, who can give you enlightenment? Will
ye not then hearken?
028.072 Say: See ye? If God were to make the day perpetual over you to the Day
Judgment, what god is there other than God, who can give you a night in which ye
can rest? Will ye not then see?
028.073 It is out of His Mercy that He has made for you Night and Day,- that ye may
rest therein, and that ye may seek of his Grace;- and in order that ye may be grateful.
028.074 The Day that He will call on them, He will say: "Where are my 'partners'?
whom ye imagined (to be such)?"
028.075 And from each people shall We draw a witness, and We shall say: "Produce
your Proof": then shall they know that the Truth is in God (alone), and the (lies)
which they invented will leave them in lurch.
028.076 Qarun was doubtless, of the people of Moses; but he acted insolently
towards them: such were the treasures We had bestowed on him that their very keys
would have been a burden to a body of strong men, behold, his people said to him:
"Exult not, for God loveth not those who exult (in riches).
028.077 "But seek, with the (wealth) which God has bestowed on thee, the Home
the Hereafter, nor forget thy portion in this world: but do thou good, as God has been
good to thee, and seek not (occasions for) mischief in the land: for God loves
those who do mischief."
028.078 He said: "This has been given to me because of a certain knowledge which I
have." Did he not know that God had destroyed, before him, (whole) generations,
which were superior to him in strength and greater in the amount (of riches) they had
collected? but the wicked are not called (immediately) to account for their sins.
028.079 So he went forth among his people in the (pride of his wordly) glitter. Said
those whose aim is the Life of this World: "Oh! that we had the like of what Qarun
has got! for he is truly a lord of mighty good fortune!"
028.080 But those who had been granted (true) knowledge said: "Alas for you! The
reward of God (in the Hereafter) is best for those who believe and work
righteousness: but this none shall attain, save those who steadfastly persevere
028.081 Then We caused the earth to swallow up him and his house; and he had not
(the least little) party to help him against God, nor could he defend himself.
028.082 And those who had envied his position the day before began to say on the
morrow: "Ah! it is indeed God Who enlarges the provision or restricts it, to any of His
servants He pleases! had it not been that God was gracious to us, He could have
caused the earth to swallow us up! Ah! those who reject God will assuredly never
028.083 That Home of the Hereafter We shall give to those who intend not high-
handedness or mischief on earth: and the end is (best) for the righteous.
028.084 If any does good, the reward to him is better than his deed; but if any does
evil, the doers of evil are only punished (to the extent) of their deeds.
028.085 Verily He Who ordained the Qur'an for thee, will bring thee back to the
Place of Return. Say: "My Lord knows best who it is that brings true guidance,
who is in manifest error."
028.086 And thou hadst not expected that the Book would be sent to thee except
Mercy from thy Lord: Therefore lend not thou support in any way to those who reject
028.087 And let nothing keep thee back from the Signs of God after they have been
revealed to thee: and invite (men) to thy Lord, and be not of the company of those
who join gods with God.
028.088 And call not, besides God, on another god. There is no god but He.
Everything (that exists) will perish except His own Face. To Him belongs the
Command, and to Him will ye (all) be brought back.