Surah 24 - Al Nur THE LIGHT
024.001 A sura which We have sent down and which We have ordained: In it have
We sent down Clear Signs, in order that ye may receive admonition.
024.002 The woman and the man guilty of adultery or fornication,- flog each of
with a hundred stripes: Let not compassion move you in their case, in a matter
prescribed by God, if ye believe in God and the Last Day: and let a party of the
Believers witness their punishment.
024.003 Let no man guilty of adultery or fornication marry any but a woman
similarly guilty, or an Unbeliever: nor let any but such a man or an Unbeliever
such a woman: to the Believers such a thing is forbidden.
024.004 And those who launch a charge against chaste women, and produce not four
witnesses (to support their allegations),- flog them with eighty stripes; and reject their
evidence ever after: for such men are wicked transgressors;-
024.005 Unless they repent thereafter and mend (their conduct); for God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
024.006 And for those who launch a charge against their spouses, and have (in
support) no evidence but their own,- their solitary evidence (can be received)
bear witness four times (with an oath) by God that they are solemnly telling the truth;
024.007 And the fifth (oath) (should be) that they solemnly invoke the curse of God
on themselves if they tell a lie.
024.008 But it would avert the punishment from the wife, if she bears witness
times (with an oath) By God, that (her husband) is telling a lie;
024.009 And the fifth (oath) should be that she solemnly invokes the wrath of
on herself if (her accuser) is telling the truth.
024.010 If it were not for God's grace and mercy on you, and that God is Oft-Returning, full of Wisdom,- (Ye would be ruined indeed).
024.011 Those who brought forward the lie are a body among yourselves: think it not
to be an evil to you; On the contrary it is good for you: to every man among them
(will come the punishment) of the sin that he earned, and to him who took on himself
the lead among them, will be a penalty grievous.
024.012 Why did not the believers - men and women - when ye heard of the affair,-
put the best construction on it in their own minds and say, "This (charge) is an
obvious lie" ?
024.013 Why did they not bring four witnesses to prove it? When they have not
brought the witnesses, such men, in the sight of God, (stand forth) themselves
024.014 Were it not for the grace and mercy of God on you, in this world and the
Hereafter, a grievous penalty would have seized you in that ye rushed glibly in
024.015 Behold, ye received it on your tongues, and said out of your mouths things
of which ye had no knowledge; and ye thought it to be a light matter, while it
most serious in the sight of God.
024.016 And why did ye not, when ye heard it, say? - "It is not right of us to
this: Glory to thee (Our Lord) this is a most serious slander!"
024.017 God doth admonish you, that ye may never repeat such (conduct), if ye
024.018 And God makes the Signs plain to you: for God is full of knowledge and
024.019 Those who love (to see) scandal published broadcast among the Believers,
will have a grievous Penalty in this life and in the Hereafter: God knows, and
024.020 Were it not for the grace and mercy of God on you, and that God is full of
kindness and mercy, (ye would be ruined indeed).
024.021 O ye who believe! follow not Satan's footsteps: if any will follow the
footsteps of Satan, he will (but) command what is shameful and wrong: and were
not for the grace and mercy of God on you, not one of you would ever have been
pure: but God doth purify whom He pleases: and God is One Who hears and knows
024.022 Let not those among you who are endued with grace and amplitude of
means resolve by oath against helping their kinsmen, those in want, and those who
have left their homes in God's cause: let them forgive and overlook, do you not
that God should forgive you? For God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
024.023 Those who slander chaste women, indiscreet but believing, are cursed in this
life and in the Hereafter: for them is a grievous Penalty,-
024.024 On the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their feet will bear witness
against them as to their actions.
024.025 On that Day God will pay them back (all) their just dues, and they will
realise that God is the (very) Truth, that makes all things manifest.
024.026 Women impure are for men impure, and men impure for women impure and
women of purity are for men of purity, and men of purity are for women of purity:
these are not affected by what people say: for them there is forgiveness, and a
024.027 O ye who believe! enter not houses other than your own, until ye have
permission and saluted those in them: that is best for you, in order that ye may heed
(what is seemly).
024.028 If ye find no one in the house, enter not until permission is given to
ye are asked to go back, go back: that makes for greater purity for yourselves:
God knows well all that ye do.
024.029 It is no fault on your part to enter houses not used for living in, which serve
some (other) use for you: And God has knowledge of what ye reveal and what ye
024.030 Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their
modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And God is well acquainted
all that they do.
024.031 And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard
their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and ornaments except what
(must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their
and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husband's
fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers or their brothers' sons, or their
sisters' sons, or their women, or the slaves whom their right hands possess, or
servants free of physical needs, or small children who have no sense of the shame of
sex; and that they should not strike their feet in order to draw attention to their hidden
ornaments. And O ye Believers! turn ye all together towards God, that ye may attain
024.032 Marry those among you who are single, or the virtuous ones among
yourselves, male or female: if they are in poverty, God will give them means out of
His grace: for God encompasseth all, and he knoweth all things.
024.033 Let those who find not the wherewithal for marriage keep themselves chaste,
until God gives them means out of His grace. And if any of your slaves ask for
in writing (to enable them to earn their freedom for a certain sum), give them
deed if ye know any good in them: yea, give them something yourselves out of the
means which God has given to you. But force not your maids to prostitution when
they desire chastity, in order that ye may make a gain in the goods of this life. But if
anyone compels them, yet, after such compulsion, is God, Oft-Forgiving, Most
Merciful (to them),
024.034 We have already sent down to you verses making things clear, an illustration
from (the story of) people who passed away before you, and an admonition for those
who fear (God).
024.035 God is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The Parable of His Light is as
if there were a Niche and within it a Lamp: the Lamp enclosed in Glass: the glass as it
were a brilliant star: Lit from a blessed Tree, an Olive, neither of the east
nor of the
west, whose oil is well-nigh luminous, though fire scarce touched it: Light upon
Light! God doth guide whom He will to His Light: God doth set forth Parables for
men: and God doth know all things.
024.036 (Lit is such a Light) in houses, which God hath permitted to be raised
honour; for the celebration, in them, of His name: In them is He glorified in the
mornings and in the evenings, (again and again),-
024.037 By men whom neither traffic nor merchandise can divert from the
Remembrance of God, nor from regular Prayer, nor from the practice of regular
Charity: Their (only) fear is for the Day when hearts and eyes will be transformed (in
a world wholly new),-
024.038 That God may reward them according to the best of their deeds, and add
even more for them out of His Grace: for God doth provide for those whom He will,
024.039 But the Unbelievers,- their deeds are like a mirage in sandy deserts,
the man parched with thirst mistakes for water; until when he comes up to it, he finds
it to be nothing: But he finds God (ever) with him, and God will pay him his account:
and God is swift in taking account.
024.040 Or (the Unbelievers' state) is like the depths of darkness in a vast deep
ocean, overwhelmed with billow topped by billow, topped by (dark) clouds: depths of
darkness, one above another: if a man stretches out his hands, he can hardly see it! for
any to whom God giveth not light, there is no light!
024.041 Seest thou not that it is God Whose praises all beings in the heavens
earth do celebrate, and the birds (of the air) with wings outspread? Each one knows its
own (mode of) prayer and praise. And God knows well all that they do.
024.042 Yea, to God belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth; and to
is the final goal (of all).
024.043 Seest thou not that God makes the clouds move gently, then joins them
together, then makes them into a heap? - then wilt thou see rain issue forth from their
midst. And He sends down from the sky mountain masses (of clouds) wherein is hail:
He strikes therewith whom He pleases and He turns it away from whom He pleases,
the vivid flash of His lightning well-nigh blinds the sight.
024.044 It is God Who alternates the Night and the Day: verily in these things
instructive example for those who have vision!
024.045 And God has created every animal from water: of them there are some that
creep on their bellies; some that walk on two legs; and some that walk on four.
creates what He wills for verily God has power over all things.
024.046 We have indeed sent down signs that make things manifest: and God guides
whom He wills to a way that is straight.
024.047 They say, "We believe in God and in the messenger, and we obey": but even
after that, some of them turn away: they are not (really) Believers.
024.048 When they are summoned to God and His messenger, in order that He may
judge between them, behold some of them decline (to come).
024.049 But if the right is on their side, they come to him with all submission.
024.050 Is it that there is a disease in their hearts? or do they doubt, or are they in
fear, that God and His Messenger will deal unjustly with them? Nay, it is they
themselves who do wrong.
024.051 The answer of the Believers, when summoned to God and His Messenger, in
order that he may judge between them, is no other than this: they say, "We hear
we obey": it is such as these that will attain felicity.
024.052 It is such as obey God and His Messenger, and fear God and do right, that will
win (in the end),
024.053 They swear their strongest oaths by God that, if only thou wouldst command
them, they would leave (their homes). Say: "Swear ye not; Obedience is (more)
reasonable; verily, God is well acquainted with all that ye do."
024.054 Say: "Obey God, and obey the Messenger: but if ye turn away, he is only
responsible for the duty placed on him and ye for that placed on you. If ye obey him,
ye shall be on right guidance. The Messenger's duty is only to preach the clear
024.055 God has promised, to those among you who believe and work righteous
deeds, that He will, of a surety, grant them in the land, inheritance (of power), as He
granted it to those before them; that He will establish in authority their religion - the
one which He has chosen for them; and that He will change (their state), after
in which they (lived), to one of security and peace: 'They will worship Me (alone) and
not associate aught with Me. 'If any do reject Faith after this, they are rebellious and
024.056 So establish regular Prayer and give regular Charity; and obey the Messenger;
that ye may receive mercy.
024.057 Never think thou that the Unbelievers are going to frustrate (God's Plan) on
earth: their abode is the Fire,- and it is indeed an evil refuge!
024.058 O ye who believe! let those whom your right hands possess, and the
(children) among you who have not come of age ask your permission (before they
come to your presence), on three occasions: before morning prayer; the while ye
your clothes for the noonday heat; and after the late-night prayer: these are your three
times of undress: outside those times it is not wrong for you or for them to move
about attending to each other: Thus does God make clear the Signs to you: for God is
full of knowledge and wisdom.
024.059 But when the children among you come of age, let them (also) ask for
permission, as do those senior to them (in age): Thus does God make clear His Signs
to you: for God is full of knowledge and wisdom.
024.060 Such elderly women as are past the prospect of marriage,- there is no
on them if they lay aside their (outer) garments, provided they make not a want
display of their beauty: but it is best for them to be modest: and God is One Who sees
and knows all things.
024.061 It is no fault in the blind nor in one born lame, nor in one afflicted
illness, nor in yourselves, that ye should eat in your own houses, or those of
fathers, or your mothers, or your brothers, or your sisters, or your father's brothers or
your father's sisters, or your mother's brothers, or your mother's sisters, or
of which the keys are in your possession, or in the house of a sincere friend of yours:
there is no blame on you, whether ye eat in company or separately. But if ye enter
houses, salute each other - a greeting of blessing and purity as from God. Thus
God make clear the signs to you: that ye may understand.
024.062 Only those are believers, who believe in God and His Messenger: when they
are with him on a matter requiring collective action, they do not depart until
asked for his leave; those who ask for thy leave are those who believe in God and His
Messenger; so when they ask for thy leave, for some business of theirs, give leave to
those of them whom thou wilt, and ask God for their forgiveness: for God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
024.063 Deem not the summons of the Messenger among yourselves like the summons
of one of you to another: God doth know those of you who slip away under shelter of
some excuse: then let those beware who withstand the Messenger's order, lest some
befall them, or a grievous penalty be inflicted on them.
024.064 Be quite sure that to God doth belong whatever is in the heavens and on
earth. Well doth He know what ye are intent upon: and one day they will be brought
back to Him, and He will tell them the truth of what they did: for God doth know all