Surah 20 - TA HA
020.002 We have not sent down the Qur'an to thee to be (an occasion) for thy
020.003 But only as an admonition to those who fear (God),-
020.004 A revelation from Him Who created the earth and the heavens on high.
020.005 (God) Most Gracious is firmly established on the throne (of authority).
020.006 To Him belongs what is in the heavens and on earth, and all between them,
and all beneath the soil.
020.007 If thou pronounce the word aloud, (it is no matter): for verily He knoweth
what is secret and what is yet more hidden.
020.008 God! there is no god but He! To Him belong the most Beautiful Names.
020.009 Has the story of Moses reached thee?
020.010 Behold, he saw a fire: So he said to his family, "Tarry ye; I perceive
perhaps I can bring you some burning brand therefrom, or find some guidance at
020.011 But when he came to the fire, a voice was heard: "O Moses!
020.012 "Verily I am thy Lord! therefore (in My presence) put off thy shoes:
art in the sacred valley Tuwa.
020.013 "I have chosen thee: listen, then, to the inspiration (sent to thee).
020.014 "Verily, I am God: There is no god but I: So serve thou Me (only), and
establish regular prayer for celebrating My praise.
020.015 "Verily the Hour is coming - My design is to keep it hidden - for every soul
to receive its reward by the measure of its Endeavour.
020.016 "Therefore let not such as believe not therein but follow their own lusts,
divert thee therefrom, lest thou perish!"..
020.017 "And what is that in thy right hand, O Moses?"
020.018 He said, "It is my rod: on it I lean; with it I beat down fodder for my flocks;
and in it I find other uses."
020.019 (God) said, "Throw it, O Moses!"
020.020 He threw it, and behold! It was a snake, active in motion.
020.021 (God) said, "Seize it, and fear not: We shall return it at once to its
020.022 "Now draw thy hand close to thy side: It shall come forth white (and
shining), without harm (or stain),- as another Sign,-
020.023 "In order that We may show thee (two) of our Greater Signs.
020.024 "Go thou to Pharaoh, for he has indeed transgressed all bounds."
020.025 (Moses) said: "O my Lord! expand me my breast;
020.026 "Ease my task for me;
020.027 "And remove the impediment from my speech,
020.028 "So they may understand what I say:
020.029 "And give me a Minister from my family,
020.030 "Aaron, my brother;
020.031 "Add to my strength through him,
020.032 "And make him share my task:
020.033 "That we may celebrate Thy praise without stint,
020.034 "And remember Thee without stint:
020.035 "For Thou art He that (ever) regardeth us."
020.036 (God) said: "Granted is thy prayer, O Moses!"
020.037 "And indeed We conferred a favour on thee another time (before).
020.038 "Behold! We sent to thy mother, by inspiration, the message:
020.039 "'Throw (the child) into the chest, and throw (the chest) into the river: the
river will cast him up on the bank, and he will be taken up by one who is an enemy to
Me and an enemy to him': But I cast (the garment of) love over thee from Me: and
(this) in order that thou mayest be reared under Mine eye.
020.040 "Behold! thy sister goeth forth and saith, 'shall I show you one who will
nurse and rear the (child)?' So We brought thee back to thy mother, that her eye might
be cooled and she should not grieve. Then thou didst slay a man, but We saved thee
from trouble, and We tried thee in various ways. Then didst thou tarry a number
years with the people of Midian. Then didst thou come hither as ordained, O Moses!
020.041 "And I have prepared thee for Myself (for service)"..
020.042 "Go, thou and thy brother, with My Signs, and slacken not, either of you, in
keeping Me in remembrance.
020.043 "Go, both of you, to Pharaoh, for he has indeed transgressed all bounds;
020.044 "But speak to him mildly; perchance he may take warning or fear (God)."
020.045 They (Moses and Aaron) said: "Our Lord! We fear lest he hasten with
insolence against us, or lest he transgress all bounds."
020.046 He said: "Fear not: for I am with you: I hear and see (everything).
020.047 "So go ye both to him, and say, 'Verily we are messengers sent by thy Lord:
Send forth, therefore, the Children of Israel with us, and afflict them not: with a Sign,
indeed, have we come from thy Lord! and peace to all who follow guidance!
020.048 "'Verily it has been revealed to us that the Penalty (awaits) those who reject
and turn away.'"
020.049 (When this message was delivered), (Pharaoh) said: "Who, then, O Moses,
is the Lord of you two?"
020.050 He said: "Our Lord is He Who gave to each (created) thing its form and
nature, and further, gave (it) guidance."
020.051 (Pharaoh) said: "What then is the condition of previous generations?"
020.052 He replied: "The knowledge of that is with my Lord, duly recorded: my
Lord never errs, nor forgets,-
020.053 "He Who has, made for you the earth like a carpet spread out; has enabled
you to go about therein by roads (and channels); and has sent down water from the
sky." With it have We produced diverse pairs of plants each separate from the others.
020.054 Eat (for yourselves) and pasture your cattle: verily, in this are Signs for men
endued with understanding.
020.055 From the (earth) did We create you, and into it shall We return you, and
from it shall We bring you out once again.
020.056 And We showed Pharaoh all Our Signs, but he did reject and refuse.
020.057 He said: "Hast thou come to drive us out of our land with thy magic, O
020.058 "But we can surely produce magic to match thine! So make a tryst between
us and thee, which we shall not fail to keep - neither we nor thou - in a place
both shall have even chances."
020.059 Moses said: "Your tryst is the Day of the Festival, and let the people
assembled when the sun is well up."
020.060 So Pharaoh withdrew: He concerted his plan, and then came (back).
020.061 Moses said to them: Woe to you! Forge not ye a lie against God, lest He
destroy you (at once) utterly by chastisement: the forger must suffer frustration!"
020.062 So they disputed, one with another, over their affair, but they kept their talk
020.063 They said: "These two are certainly (expert) magicians: their object is to
drive you out from your land with their magic, and to do away with your most
020.064 "Therefore concert your plan, and then assemble in (serried) ranks: He
(all along) today who gains the upper hand."
020.065 They said: "O Moses! whether wilt thou that thou throw (first) or that
the first to throw?"
020.066 He said, "Nay, throw ye first!" Then behold their ropes and their rods
seemed to him on account of their magic - began to be in lively motion!
020.067 So Moses conceived in his mind a (sort of) fear.
020.068 We said: "Fear not! for thou hast indeed the upper hand:
020.069 "Throw that which is in thy right hand: Quickly will it swallow up that
which they have faked what they have faked is but a magician's trick: and the
magician thrives not, (no matter) where he goes."
020.070 So the magicians were thrown down to prostration: they said, "We believe in
the Lord of Aaron and Moses".
020.071 (Pharaoh) said: "Believe ye in Him before I give you permission? Surely this
must be your leader, who has taught you magic! be sure I will cut off your hands and
feet on opposite sides, and I will have you crucified on trunks of palm-trees:
ye know for certain, which of us can give the more severe and the more lasting
020.072 They said: "Never shall we regard thee as more than the Clear Signs that
have come to us, or than Him Who created us! so decree whatever thou desirest to
decree: for thou canst only decree (touching) the life of this world.
020.073 "For us, we have believed in our Lord: may He forgive us our faults, and the
magic to which thou didst compel us: for God is Best and Most Abiding."
020.074 Verily he who comes to his Lord as a sinner (at Judgment),- for him is
therein shall he neither die nor live.
020.075 But such as come to Him as Believers who have worked righteous deeds,-
for them are ranks exalted,-
020.076 Gardens of Eternity, beneath which flow rivers: they will dwell therein for
aye: such is the reward of those who purify themselves (from evil).
020.077 We sent an inspiration to Moses: "Travel by night with My servants, and
strike a dry path for them through the sea, without fear of being overtaken (by
Pharaoh) and without (any other) fear."
020.078 Then Pharaoh pursued them with his forces, but the waters completely
overwhelmed them and covered them up.
020.079 Pharaoh led his people astray instead of leading them aright.
020.080 O ye Children of Israel! We delivered you from your enemy, and We made
Covenant with you on the right side of Mount (Sinai), and We sent down to you
Manna and quails:
020.081 (Saying): "Eat of the good things We have provided for your sustenance, but
commit no excess therein, lest My Wrath should justly descend on you: and those
whom descends My Wrath do perish indeed!
020.082 "But, without doubt, I am (also) He that forgives again and again, to
who repent, believe, and do right, who,- in fine, are ready to receive true guidance."
020.083 (When Moses was up on the Mount, God said:) "What made thee hasten in
advance of thy people, O Moses?"
020.084 He replied: "Behold, they are close on my footsteps: I hastened to thee, O
my Lord, to please thee."
020.085 (God) said: "We have tested thy people in thy absence: the Samiri has
020.086 So Moses returned to his people in a state of indignation and sorrow.
said: "O my people! did not your Lord make a handsome promise to you? Did then
the promise seem to you long (in coming)? Or did ye desire that Wrath should
descend from your Lord on you, and so ye broke your promise to me?"
020.087 They said: "We broke not the promise to thee, as far as lay in our power: but
we were made to carry the weight of the ornaments of the (whole) people, and we
threw them (into the fire), and that was what the Samiri suggested.
020.088 "Then he brought out (of the fire) before the (people) the image of a
seemed to low: so they said: This is your god, and the god of Moses, but (Moses) has
020.089 Could they not see that it could not return them a word (for answer),
it had no power either to harm them or to do them good?
020.090 Aaron had already, before this said to them: "O my people! ye are being
tested in this: for verily your Lord is (God) Most Gracious; so follow me and obey my
020.091 They had said: "We will not abandon this cult, but we will devote ourselves
to it until Moses returns to us."
020.092 (Moses) said: "O Aaron! what kept thee back, when thou sawest them going
020.093 "From following me? Didst thou then disobey my order?"
020.094 (Aaron) replied: "O son of my mother! Seize (me) not by my beard nor by
(the hair of) my head! Truly I feared lest thou shouldst say, 'Thou has caused
division among the children of Israel, and thou didst not respect my word!'"
020.095 (Moses) said: "What then is thy case, O Samiri?"
020.096 He replied: "I saw what they saw not: so I took a handful (of dust) from the
footprint of the Messenger, and threw it (into the calf): thus did my soul suggest to me."
020.097 (Moses) said: "Get thee gone! but thy (punishment) in this life will be that
thou wilt say, 'touch me not'; and moreover (for a future penalty) thou hast a
that will not fail: Now look at thy god, of whom thou hast become a devoted
worshipper: We will certainly (melt) it in a blazing fire and scatter it broadcast in the
020.098 But the god of you all is the One God: there is no god but He: all things He
comprehends in His knowledge.
020.099 Thus do We relate to thee some stories of what happened before: for We
have sent thee a Message from Our own Presence.
020.100 If any do turn away therefrom, verily they will bear a burden on the Day of
020.101 They will abide in this (state): and grievous will the burden be to them on
020.102 The Day when the Trumpet will be sounded: that Day, We shall gather the
sinful, blear-eyed (with terror).
020.103 In whispers will they consult each other: "Ye tarried not longer than
020.104 We know best what they will say, when their leader most eminent in
conduct will say: "Ye tarried not longer than a day!"
020.105 They ask thee concerning the Mountains: say, "My Lord will uproot them
and scatter them as dust;
020.106 "He will leave them as plains smooth and level;
020.107 "Nothing crooked or curved wilt thou see in their place."
020.108 On that Day will they follow the Caller (straight): no crookedness (can they
show) him: all sounds shall humble themselves in the Presence of (God) Most
Gracious: nothing shalt thou hear but the tramp of their feet (as they march).
020.109 On that Day shall no intercession avail except for those for whom
permission has been granted by (God) Most Gracious and whose word is acceptable
020.110 He knows what (appears to His creatures as) before or after or behind
but they shall not compass it with their knowledge.
020.111 (All) faces shall be humbled before (Him) - the Living, the Self-Subsisting,
Eternal: hopeless indeed will be the man that carries iniquity (on his back).
020.112 But he who works deeds of righteousness, and has faith, will have no fear of
harm nor of any curtailment (of what is his due).
020.113 Thus have We sent this down - an arabic Qur'an - and explained therein
detail some of the warnings, in order that they may fear God, or that it may cause
their remembrance (of Him).
020.114 High above all is God, the King, the Truth! Be not in haste with the Qur'an
before its revelation to thee is completed, but say, "O my Lord! advance me in
020.115 We had already, beforehand, taken the covenant of Adam, but he forgot:
We found on his part no firm resolve.
020.116 When We said to the angels, "Prostrate yourselves to Adam", they prostrated
themselves, but not Iblis: he refused.
020.117 Then We said: "O Adam! verily, this is an enemy to thee and thy wife:
him not get you both out of the Garden, so that thou art landed in misery.
020.118 "There is therein (enough provision) for thee not to go hungry nor to
020.119 "Nor to suffer from thirst, nor from the sun's heat."
020.120 But Satan whispered evil to him: he said, "O Adam! shall I lead thee
Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that never decays?"
020.121 In the result, they both ate of the tree, and so their nakedness appeared to
them: they began to sew together, for their covering, leaves from the Garden: thus did
Adam disobey his Lord, and allow himself to be seduced.
020.122 But his Lord chose him (for His Grace): He turned to him, and gave him
020.123 He said: "Get ye down, both of you,- all together, from the Garden, with
enmity one to another: but if, as is sure, there comes to you Guidance from Me,
whosoever follows My Guidance, will not lose his way, nor fall into misery.
020.124 "But whosoever turns away from My Message, verily for him is a life
narrowed down, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Judgment."
020.125 He will say: "O my Lord! why hast Thou raised me up blind, while I had
020.126 (God) will say: "Thus didst Thou, when Our Signs came unto thee, disregard
them: so wilt thou, this day, be disregarded."
020.127 And thus do We recompense him who transgresses beyond bounds and
believes not in the Signs of his Lord: and the Penalty of the Hereafter is far
grievous and more enduring.
020.128 Is it not a warning to such men (to call to mind) how many generations
before them We destroyed, in whose haunts they (now) move? Verily, in this are
Signs for men endued with understanding.
020.129 Had it not been for a Word that went forth before from thy Lord, (their
punishment) must necessarily have come; but there is a Term appointed (for respite).
020.130 Therefore be patient with what they say, and celebrate (constantly) the
praises of thy Lord, before the rising of the sun, and before its setting; yea,
them for part of the hours of the night, and at the sides of the day: that thou
have (spiritual) joy.
020.131 Nor strain thine eyes in longing for the things We have given for enjoyment
to parties of them, the splendour of the life of this world, through which We test
them: but the provision of thy Lord is better and more enduring.
020.132 Enjoin prayer on thy people, and be constant therein. We ask thee not
provide sustenance: We provide it for thee. But the (fruit of) the Hereafter is
020.133 They say: "Why does he not bring us a sign from his Lord?" Has not a Clear
Sign come to them of all that was in the former Books of revelation?
020.134 And if We had inflicted on them a penalty before this, they would have
"Our Lord! If only Thou hadst sent us a messenger, we should certainly have followed
Thy Signs before we were humbled and put to shame."
020.135 Say: "Each one (of us) is waiting: wait ye, therefore, and soon shall
who it is that is on the straight and even way, and who it is that has received