Tauhid Islamic Monotheism
TAUHID ( ISLAMIC MONOTHEISM )
Tauhid ( Islamic Monotheism ) has three aspects :
(A) Oneness of the Lordship of Allah ; Tauhid-ar-Rububiyah : To
believe that there is only one Lord for all the universe its
Creator, Organizer, Planner, Sustainer, and the Giver of
security, etc., and that is Allah.
(B) Oneness of the Worship of Allah ; Tauhid-al-Uluhiya : To
believe that none has the right to be worshiped [ e.g. praying,
invoking, asking for help (from the unseen), swearing,
slaughtering sacrifices, giving charity, fasting, pilgrimage,
etc. ] but Allah.
(C) Oneness of the Names and the Qualities of Allah ;
Tauhid-al-Asma was-Sifat : To believe that :
(i) We must not name or qualify Allah except with what He or His
Messenger, Muhammad (peace be upon him), has named or qualified
(ii) None can be named or qualified with the Names or
Qualifications of Allah ; e.g. AL-Kareem,
(iii) We must confirm all of Allah's Qualification which Allah
has stated in His Book (the Qur'an) or mentioned throuhg His
Messenger ( Muhammad ) without changing them or ignoring them
completely or twisting the meanings or giving resemblance to any
of the craeted things [ e.g. Allah is present over His Throne as
mentioned in the Qur'an (20:5) :- " The Most Beneficent (Allah)
Istawa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne " over the seventh heaven
; and He only comes down over the first (nearest) heaven to us
on the day of Arafat (the 9th of Dhul-Hijja), and also during
the last third part of the night as mentioned by the Prophet
Muhammad (peace be upon him), but He is with us by His Knowledge
only, not by His Personal-Self (Bi-Dhatihi).
Also Allah said : " There is nothing like unto Him and He is
the All-Hearer, the All-Seer " (42:11)
This holy Verse confirms the quality of hearing and the quality
of sight for Allah without resemblance to others, and likewise
He also said :
" To one whom I have created with Both My Hands," (38:75)
" The Hand of Allah is over their hands " (48:10)
This confirms two Hands for Allah, but there is no similarity
for them. This is the Faith of all true believers, and was the
Faith of all the Prophets of Allah, from Noah, Abraham, Moses,
and Christ till the last of the Prophets , Muhammad (peace be
upon them all) . [ It is not like as some people think that
Allah is present everywhere--here, there and even inside the
braests of men ] .
# These three aspects of TAUHID are included in the meaning of
ill-Allah ( none has the right to be worshiped but Allah ) .
# It is also essential to follow Allah's Messenger, Muhammad
(peace be upon him) : Wajub al-Itteba'a and it is a part of
This is included in the meaning, " I testify that Muhammad
(peace be upon him) is Allah's Messenger," and this means, "
None has the right to be followed after Allah's Book (the
Qur'an), but Allah's Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him)," .
Allah said :
" And whatsoever the Messenger ( Muhammad) gives you, take it,
and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain from it " (59:7) .
" Say ( O Muhammad to mankind ), If you (really) love Allah then
follow me [ i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur'an
and the Sunnah (legal ways of the prophet Muhammad peace be upon
him), ], Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. "